||Text of BMP
||Capacitive desalinization treats water high in salts and heavy metals
||"Capacitive Desalinization: The capacitive desalination (deionization) or electronic water purification (EWP) process treats water high in salts and ...
||CBM-produced water can be boiled and passed through a cooling chamber to remove contaminants
||"Distillation: Distillation is the process whereby water is boiled to form steam that is then passed through a cooling chamber and condensed to form ...
||Comparisons ongoing between ultra-low and high pressure RO membranes
||"Reverse Osmosis: [The Colorado School of Mines is looking at] ultra-low pressure reverse osmosis membranes and compare[ing] the results to the ...
||Cost-effective ion exchange treatments are being developed
||"Ion Exchange: Drake Engineering Incorporated is developing a cost-effective treatment process and module to meet any desired treated water quality. ...
||Down hole separation can be used to reinject CBM-produced water
||"Down Hole Gas/Water Separation: Down hole separation utilizes specially-designed pumps that separate produced water and gas by centrifugal or ...
||Electrodialysis uses charged membranes to attract dissolved solids in CBM-produced water
||"Electrodialysis Reversal: Electrodialysis reversal (EDR) water treatment is similar to ion exchange in that dissolved ions are attracted to ...
||Freeze thaw-treated water meets standards for livestock watering, irrigation, and dust suppression
||"Freeze Separation Processes: FTEÂ® (Freeze Thaw Evaporation) is a process whereby CBM-produced water is stored in a holding pond until air ...
||In-line auger developed to remove free gas from production well fluids
||"Down Hole Gas/Water Separation: Cyclotech has developed an in-line auger (gas/liquid separator) that is designed to remove a major portion of free ...
||Ion exchange can be used to deionize and desalinate water
||"Ion Exchange: Ion exchange is typically used to deionize, [or soften], and desalinate water for residential use... The ion exchange process ...
||Nanofiltration is used to soften hard water; can reduce TDS by greater than 90%
||"Nanofiltration: Nanofiltration is typically used to soften hard water by removing divalent cations and low molecular weight compounds, such as humic ...
||One freeze separation process involves freezing holding reservoirs and draining below-ice brine
||"Freeze Separation Processes: [One] process [of freeze separation] involves allowing the holding reservoir to freeze, and draining the brine that ...
||Pilot projects for freeze separation processes conducted; Freeze Thaw Evaporation used in Alaska, Colorado, and Wyoming
||"Freeze Separation Processes: Pilot projects have been conducted in San Juan Basin, NM, Alaska, and Alberta to test the effectiveness of freezing CBM ...
||Research ongoing to design bentonite clay membrane
||"Reverse Osmosis: [Petroleum Recovery Research Center and the University of Missouri-Rolla are conducting] innovative research is ongoing to design ...
||Reverse osmosis uses cross-flow filtration to treat CBM-produced water
||"Reverse Osmosis: Reverse Osmosis (RO), also known as hyper filtration... utilizes cross-flow filtration of high TDS water through a high-pressure, ...
||RSE ejects contaminated water at high velocities through a specialized nozzle into waste heat
||"Rapid Spray Evaporation: AquaSonics International has developed a Rapid Spray Evaporationâ„¢ (RSE) system of ejecting contaminated water at high ...
||Spray freezing can be used to separate brine from frozen water
||"Freeze Separation Processes: In a process known as â€˜Spray Freezing,' coal bed methane water is sprayed through a modified lawn sprinkler to ...
||There are a number of companies developing filtration technology
||"Reverse Osmosis: There are a number of companies developing filtration technology to treat high TDS water, including Ionics RO mobile units (Ionics ...