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Crow Nation Laws
The Crow Nation has about 11,000 members, the majority of whom reside on the Crow reservation. The Crow Indian Reservation, located in southern Montana, is the largest of the Indian reservations in the state at roughly two million acres.
The Crow Nation’s government has three braches of government: the executive, legislative and judicial. A chairman and a vice-chairman head the executive branch. The legislature has 18 members.
Constitution of the Crow Nation
The Constitution and Bylaws of the Crow Tribal Council were established in 1948. In 2001, the original constitution was repealed and replaced with the 2001 Constitution and Bylaws of the Crow Tribe of Indians. Relevant portions of the Crow Tribe Constitution are as follows:
Art. II - Territory
Art. IV - Executive Branch of Government
(c) engage in any business that will further the economic well-being of the members of the Tribe and undertake any economic development activity which does not conflict with the provisions of the Constitution;
(f) negotiate and approve or prevent any sale, disposition, lease or encumbrance of Tribal lands, interests in lands or other Tribal assets, including buffalo, minerals, gas and oil with final approval granted by the Legislative Branch;
(g) enforce all laws, ordinances, resolutions, regulations or guidelines passed by the Legislative Branch providing for the levying of taxes and licensing of members and non-members for various purposes;
Art. V - Legislative Branch of Government
(d) to grant final approval or disapproval of items negotiated by the Executive Branch of Government pertinent to the sale, disposition, lease or encumbrance of Tribal lands, interests in lands or mineral assets provided that a process for such approval or disapproval may be established by legislation;
Oil and Gas Lease Between the crow Tribe of Indians and Golden Arrow Exploration LLC.
During a legislative session in 2005, the Tribe approved a lease with Golden Arrow Exploration, an oil and gas company, which included many best management practices. For example:
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