University of Colorado at Boulder
BMP of Oil and Gas Development

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BMP ID: 2768
Title: Produced water beneficial use: agriculture
Text: "Produced Water Management, Agricultural beneficial uses: Montana ranchers and farmers require large volumes of water to irrigate crops and water livestock. Irrigation uses have a narrow range of acceptable water quality depending upon soil type and crop selection but some reported coal aquifers contain suitable water. Soils and crops have a particular sensitivity to sodium and its concentration relative to calcium and magnesium in the water. Livestock have a somewhat wider range of quality acceptance depending upon the types of animal being raised. Livestock also has sensitivity to other contaminants in the water. Within the planning period, agricultural uses of the produced water from CBM operations may become more prevalent across the state."
Source Publication Name: Final Water Resources Technical Report, Montana Statewide Oil and Gas E.I.S and Amendment of the Powder River and Billings Resource Management Plans
Citation Section: Chapter 6-Mitigation of Impacts to Water Resources
Citation Page: 47
Supplemental Documents:  
Usage Type: Required
Timing: • Production / Operation / Maintenance
Surface Ownership: • Federal
• State
• Private
Mineral Ownership: • Federal
• State
• Private
Primary Contact: BLM - Miles City Field Office
111 Garryowen Road
Miles City, Montana  59301  United States
Phone:(406) 233-2800     Alt. Phone:
Fax:(406) 233-2921
Alternate Contact:  
Categories: Water Quality and Pollution
Soils (Conservation, Pollution, Reclamation)
Grazing and Agriculture
Location: Montana
Vegetation Types:
General Comments:
Cost-Benefit Analysis:
BMP Efficacy:
Date Entered: 2009-03-09 16:27 MDT
Last Updated: 2011-02-16 15:27 MDT